Saint Petersburg has many unofficial names, such as the Northern Capital of Russia, North Venice, North Palmyra, open air museum. There’s one more name – the City of Three Revolutions. Here is the story behind this calling.

Totally, there were three major revolutions in St Petersburg: The Russian Revolution of 1905-1907, the February Bourgeois Democratic Revolution of 1917 and the Great October Socialist Revolution of 1917.

History in brief

The Bloody Sunday is considered to be the beginning of the Revolution 1905, when soldiers of the Imperial Guide shot unarmed demonstrators who marched towards the Winter Palace to give a petition to Tsar Nicholas II. This event provoked many uprisings that eventually resulted in the foundation of the Russian Parliament.

The February Revolution of 1917 initiated as a mass people’s dissatisfaction with the single leader of the country. Soldiers and workers were the major antagonists of the tsarists monarchy. As a result of the second, the last Emperor abdicated the throne, and the democratic republic regime was established in the country.

The October Revolution of 1917 was a follow-up of the winter events and it changed the political system dramatically and announced the power of workers and peasant councils. So the power was taken by the Bolsheviks party.

Metro Station in St Petersburg with a monument of Lenin

Sights of Petersburg

Walking down the city you’ll see places and buildings connected to the revolutionary events of the beginning of 20th century in Russia.

Palace Square, Troitskaya Square and Stachek prospect – the places of mass shooting of civils walking toward the Winter Palace in 1905.

Finnish railway station and the Mansion of Kseshinskoy – the venues of public performances of leaders of Lenin’s Bolshevik party.

Aurora cruiser, Peter and Paul’s Fortress and the Winter palace – main participants of the night seizure of power on October 25, 1917 by the Bolsheviks. Marsovo field with the Eternal flame is a place of burial ground for the victims of revolutions and the following Civil war. There are many more places…

You can visit the sights yourself and learn the history right in the same time. Book a private guided tour here >