Entering the St. Petersburg metro, you can easily confuse the station with a magnificent palace hall or lobby of a five-star hotel. This is not surprising! In Soviet times, subway stations were built as palaces for ordinary people. This tradition was received by the architects in the post-Soviet period. Built in the characteristic for the era style, the pompous and monumental stations of the first stage of the metro became a grandiose embodiment of the Soviet idea in architecture, a symbol of the greatness and power of the state that created them.
Being the capital of Russia for two centuries, Saint Petersburg was built according to master plans with the participation of the most talented architects of Europe and Russia. As a result, we can now enjoy the open-air museum, the historical center of St. Petersburg and some of its suburbs are included in UNESKO World Heritage List. Petersburg is a city with a rich history and cultural heritage.
Peterhof is the «world’s capital of fountains», a tremendous extravaganza of water and gold, marble and bronze. More than 150 fountains form a unique park complex - "Russian Versailles". Founded in 1710, it was the summer residence of Russian emperors for two centuries. Its Grand palace retains magnificent examples of palace interiors of the 18-19th centuries, including the stunning carved work of the oak cabinet of the founder Peter the Great.
It is a monument of the Russian architecture in the spirit of romantic nationalism that dates back to the beginning of the 20th centuries. It was built on the site at which Emperor Alexander the 2nd was fatally wounded. Because of this the cathedral is more often referred to as the Spilled blood church. The most important and unique feature in the decoration is the mosaic images and compositions. Their whole area totals over 7,000 square meters, which is one of the largest collections of monumental mosaics in Europe.
On May 27th of 1703 the beginning of the foundation of the fortress called Sankt Petersburg was initiated. The name of this fortress spread onto the city that was founded and quickly spread next to it. The fortress itself was named after one of its own parts — the cathedral, located right in its center, which was named after the saints Paul and Peter. It became the first Cathedral and the first sight of burial of the Russian Emperors and Empresses.